Schottky diodes are known for their low forward voltage drop and a very fast switching action. This 1A 40V Schottky diode is ideal for use with motor drivers such as the L298N.
This is a simple, very common rectifier diode. Often used for reverse voltage protection, the 1N4001 is a staple for many power, DC to DC step up, and breadboard projects. 1N4001 is rated for up to 1A/50V.
This is a very common signal diode - 1N4148. Use this for signals up to 200mA of current.